LAND & BUILDING
SURVEYS

A topographical survey, or land survey, is a site assessment with accurate measurements and a record of any physical features. It includes the levels and contours across the survey area, and also the features within it.

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Wharton Tree Surveys

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Wharton Tree Surveys

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Wharton offer a wide-range of topographical & measured building surveys

Greenfield sites are undeveloped pastures of land in a city or rural area, either used for agriculture, landscape design, or left to evolve naturally and potentially being considered for urban development. This can be a contentious issue, particularly in the UK, where the development of land is split between greenfield and brownfield sites.

It becomes contentious and political due to a limited amount of physical space available, competing with an expanding population that needs housing. Wharton can undertake topographic land surveys, underground utility surveys, tree and ecology reports, which are a key component to the design and feasibility study during planning applications.

In the UK, a brownfield site is defined as “previously developed land” that has the potential for being redeveloped. It is often (but not always) land that has been used for industrial and commercial purposes and is now derelict and possibly contaminated.

The lack of available green spaces for development purposes has resulted in brownfield sites becoming increasingly popular in recent years, especially in places where demand for residential and commercial property is high.

Wharton can undertake topographic land surveys, underground utility surveys, tree and ecology reports, which are a key component to the design and feasibility study during planning applications.

Wharton carry out ‘As-Built’ surveys for many of the UK’s popular house builders. They are needed to record variations from the original architectural master and engineering plans, to what has actually been built. As-Built surveys are required by many agencies, such as local authorities, in order for them to adopt the proven location of buildings, road networks and services for the maintenance and future development of site.

As-Built surveys can also aid engineers to establish what has actually been built and to make sure it was constructed within applicable tolerances. The accuracy of the built locations are important. Wharton have equipment and the experience necessary to locate and gather the information for the client. Our crews are equipped with the latest surveying technology to efficiently and accurately meet the needs of our clients.

Measured building surveys are an accurate representation of the building’s layout, structural elements and architectural features A typical survey would show all structural features, including windows, doors, walls, beams, floor and ceiling heights.

Onto this we can then add fixtures and fittings such as electric points, light switches and fittings, radiators and furniture. They are used for conversion and renovation projects, spatial management analysis and lease/land registry compliant plans.

Wharton are able to produce detailed topographic land surveys tailored to the landscape architecture and garden design sector.

Landscape architecture is the design of outdoor areas, landmarks, public spaces and structures to help achieve environmental, social behavioural or aesthetic outcomes. Landscape architecture is a multi-disciplinary practice, incorporating aspects of botany, horticulture, the fine arts, architecture, industrial design, soil sciences, environmental psychology, geography, ecology, and civil engineering.

Even though our standard surveys provide a high level of detail, this type of survey would take into account extra features such as existing planting, shrubbery, window and door positions and heights, along with internal floor levels and threshold levels to support the design stage.

This type of survey will also benefit:

External elevations refers to an orthographic projection of the exterior (or sometimes the interior) of faces of a building or structure. This is a two-dimensional drawing of the building’s façades. As not all buildings are simple rectangular shapes in plan, an elevation drawing is a first angle projection that shows all parts of the building as seen from a particular direction. Generally, elevations are produced for four directional views for example: north, south, east and west. These can then be imported into software such as SketchUp and Revit to create complex and accurate 3D models and visualisations. Our team at Wharton captures this data utilising our 3D laser scanners to ensure the best quality deliverables for our clients.

Typical features to be shown on an elevation drawing are:

At Wharton we are very proud of the high quality and diverse array of floor plans we produce for our wide range of clients. Some of our previous work comprises of schools, commercial and agricultural buildings, offices, portal framed structures, healthcare centres, listed buildings, domestic dwellings, heritage sites, churches, castles and many more.

We carry out all of our measured building surveys using Leica disto laser measurers coupled with site laptops running MBS Floor Plan software. The software shows the misclosure on site in real-time, enabling our surveyors to immediately see where control measurements are needed to meet the accuracy requirements of the project.

A wide variety of measurement methods can be chosen, depending on the particular building being surveyed. Intelligent data is collected at the same time as the measurements and attached in the form of attributes to allow for detailed analysis back in the office. In addition, we utilise our Leica total stations internally to traverse through the building, ensuring our surveys are measured to the highest level of accuracy.

Highway Adoption

Section 38, 228 & 278 Agreements. As Built Surveys are coloured to the local authority standard, supported by Land Transfer Plans, Highway Inventories and Asset Specification Inventories where applicable.


Sewer Adoption

Section 102, 104 & 185 Agreements. As Built Surveys of sewers to be adopted by the local water authority, supported by Manhole & Sewer Record Cards and Deed of Grant / Easements plans where applicable.


Public Open Space

As-laid plans of the public open spaces detailing extent of the planting, new tree planting, footpaths, play areas, etc. All plans are provided to the standard required by the adopting authority, along with area calculations if required. We are also regularly asked to cross reference POS boundaries against those agreed with Land Registry to provide confirmation of the final as-built position.

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